Governance of cultural diversity needs consequently approaches going beyond the European perspective, especially to account for identities with origin out of Europe. The ability to share knowledge and experience from Europe and Latin America through the multidisciplinary exchange program will represent a contribution of great interest for the managers of migration governance at different levels: international, state and local.

Governance of cultural diversity is at the core of global policies for human rights and development, as of the intellectual enquiries and the academic production. It is a crucial issue for Europe and for the ERA (European Research Area) facing globalization. Until the early 90s, identity and culture were referred as processes of inclusion and exclusion, difference and similarity, homogenization and diversification, in which the ethnic differentiation was the result of a previous institutionalization, where the nation state played a central role. Globalization describes a different scenario, where men and women tend to seek social alignments and identifications in very different axes. Continuously emerging new "localism", invoking the identity derived from its ascription culture, whether religious, ethnic, gender or other, trying to make their voices heard, expressed differently the response model that characterized the "first modernity" (Giddens, Beck, Lash, 19941) insofar as they do not claim their incorporation from the integration, but from the basis of their distinct existence and the right to expression. In the current environment, the recreation of the "community" is revealed as a politically useful and emotionally satisfying serving as bridge to bridge the gap between target companies and local communities of belonging. International organizations have become aware of this situation and particularly since the late 80s, have been devising measures of recognition that are a restatement of the first modern approaches on human rights, including cultural rights between them. This incorporation has not been and is not free of controversy, particularly to the extent that states have been incorporating them into their constitutions and laws.

The proposal will represent an opportunity to spread the European contributions to the governance of cultural diversity in the Latin American continent, and, at the same time, to bring a critical view from Latin America, which may allow significant advances and recommendations for the future. Consequently, the outcomes of the proposal will be relevant at the level of  European Union policies.

The proposal will have a clear relevance for the ERA, opening new interdisciplinary research perspectives, original and innovative, very much in line with upcoming research interest within the EU, as issues of/about cultural are still under transformation and discussion, including Horizon 2020. To sum up, the proposal will be important for the promotion of an interaction between academic research and policies, the first one contributing to the conceptual bases that support governance of cultural diversity policies at international, national and local levels in the two continents.

1 Giddens, Beck, Lash, (1994) Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order, Stanford University Press, Stanford.

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